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Stop the Bleed is a program put together to teach individuals how to control bleeding. The program was designed by the Federal Government realizing that blood lose is the top killer in mass shootings. If you control the bleeding, you increase the chance of survival.

How to Stop the Bleed

[Image: booklet911.ashx]Call 9-1-1
  • Call 9-1-1 yourself

  • Tell someone to call 9-1-1

Ensure Your Safety
  • Before you offer any help, you must ensure your own safety!

  • If you become injured, you will not be able to help the victim.

  • Provide care to the injured person if the scene is safe for you to do so.

  • If, at any time, your safety is threatened, attempt to remove yourself (and the victim if possible) from danger and find a safe location.

  • Protect yourself from blood-borne infections by wearing gloves, if available.

Look for Life-Threatening Bleeding
  • Find the source of bleeding

  • Open or remove the clothing over the wound so you can clearly see it. By removing clothing, you will be able to see injuries that may have been hidden or covered.

  • Look for and identify “life-threatening” bleeding. Examples include:
    • Blood that is spurting out of the wound.
    • Blood that won’t stop coming out of the wound.
    • Blood that is pooling on the ground.
    • Clothing that is soaked with blood.
    • Bandages that are soaked with blood.
    • Loss of all or part of an arm or leg.
    • Bleeding in a victim who is now confused or unconscious. 

[Image: bookletinjured.ashx]
Compress and Control
Key Point
There are a number of methods that can be used to stop bleeding and they all have one thing in common—compressing a bleeding blood vessel in order to stop the bleeding. 
If you don’t have a trauma first aid kit:
[Image: bookletdirectpressure.ashx]Apply direct pressure on the wound (Cover the wound with a clean cloth and apply pressure by pushing directly on it with both hands)

  1. Take any clean cloth (for example, a shirt) and cover the wound.

  2. If the wound is large and deep, try to “stuff” the cloth down into the wound.

  3. Apply continuous pressure with both hands directly on top of the bleeding wound.

  4. Push down as hard as you can.

  5. Hold pressure to stop bleeding. Continue pressure until relieved by medical responders.

If you do have a trauma first aid kit:
For life-threatening bleeding from an arm or leg and a tourniquet is NOT available OR for bleeding from the neck, shoulder or groin:
  • Pack (stuff) the wound with a bleeding control (also called a hemostatic) gauze, plain gauze, or a clean cloth and then apply pressure with both hands
  1. Open the clothing over the bleeding wound. (A)

  2. Wipe away any pooled blood.

  3. Pack (stuff) the wound with bleeding control gauze (preferred), plain gauze, or clean cloth. (B)

  4. Apply steady pressure with both hands directly on top of the bleeding wound. ©

  5. Push down as hard as you can.

  6. Hold pressure to stop bleeding. Continue pressure until relieved by medical responders.

[Image: bookletpack.ashx]
For life-threatening bleeding from an arm or leg and a tourniquet is available:
  • Apply the tourniquet
  1. Wrap the tourniquet around the bleeding arm or leg about 2 to 3 inches above the bleeding site (be sure NOT to place the tourniquet onto a joint—go above the joint if necessary).

  2. Pull the free end of the tourniquet to make it as tight as possible and secure the free end. (A)

  3. Twist or wind the windlass until bleeding stops. (B)

  4. Secure the windlass to keep the tourniquet tight. ©

  5. Note the time the tourniquet was applied. (D)

Note: A tourniquet will cause pain but it is necessary to stop life-threatening bleeding.
[Image: booklettourniquetwrap.ashx]

Instructions and photos have been taken from the Save a Life booklet. Download the booklet for additional information on how to stop the bleed.
Pons PT, Jacobs L. Save a life: What everyone should know to stop bleeding after an injury. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons; 2016.
 Download the booklet
This brings up a realistic need to EDC or at least have available in your immediate area items that will stop severe bleeding:
  • Tourniquet 
  • Israeli bandage or equivalent 
  • Quick clot sponge or equivalent 
And of course it goes without saying a means to protect yourself/others.
Agreed. If you carry a gun you should be carrying a TQ minimum.
When someone shoots you or a loved one through the leg and hits the femoral artery, you have three minutes. Tick tock, tick tock, not a time to use improvised medicine. Better to be prepared.

I’m going to add once you apply pressure, do not remove it to look at the wound. Keep pressure on it and try and watch to see if it is working or not.
Once a TQ is on, leave it on. The patient can be at a trauma center almost anywhere in the US in no time. They will treat the patient accordingly before they remove it.